All content and materials are for general informational purposes only. Complete Embroker’s online application and contact one of our licensed insurance professionals to obtain advice for your specific business insurance needs. Unlike an IPO, which goes through a ton of regulation and a ton of cost, an STO is meant to sit somewhere in between an IPO and ICO. STO or Security Token Offering is another fundraising tool but is more complex and difficult compared to an ICO. Investors have very little control in the activities of the exchange. Cost of fundraising is very high in IEO and the system itself is difficult to set up.

The ICO model was based on trust and it became too difficult to trust new ICO projects. There are still a number of projects launching using the ICO method, and joining is quite easy. All you need is cryptocurrency with which you buy the ICO token. They remain utility tokens and have no assets or real value backing them. Regulations can cause problems for both projects and investors. Some of these exchanges may even engage in front running, washed trades or pump and dumps, and get away with it since they are unregulated.

ico vs sto

This is a huge difference between ICOs and STOs as most ICOs are positioned for usage and not as an investment, thereby circumventing all regulatory scrutiny that securities are subject to. Investors buy these crypto-coins with the hope that the plan succeeds and the value of the coin increases. BIDITEX is a unique user-oriented and secure crypto exchange that measures real growth in Blockchain systems. The filing with the SEC is one of the methods in which STOs guarantee to give extra security to the investor. This is because the filing with the regulator checks deceitful people, thus recognizing only the schemes that are verifiable and earnest about their pursuance.

Chief Technology Officer (CTO) roles and responsibilities

This process can not do without the participation of regulatory authorities, which can generally suspend registration since most of them are quite strict in this matter. In certain cases, the investments cannot be cashed out for a period over a year. Due to strict security regulations, cross-border investment is tight in STOs.

  • ICOs are the exchange of coins, profits or even currencies, STOs are the trade of securities.
  • As a result, companies considering an STO should carefully weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.
  • In other words, an initial coin offering is a class of funding by employing cryptocurrencies.
  • That’s why we decided to create a quick comprehensive comparison of STOs and ICOs.

Looking for a trusted vendor to advise on building a blockchain-based product? Take a look at our work or leave us a message to discuss your project. Harbor is another platform for token issuance that, apart from launching an STO itself, the platform helps companies to make sure these tokens are compliant with security protocols. Similar to Ethereum, Polymath has a native token used for all Blockchain-based operations within the platform — POLY. Moreover, the platform provides companies with legal and security advice regarding tokenization. While adopting security tokens, keep in mind that they are subject to backup withholding tax .

Unlike traditional tokens that only offer investors the monetary value, STOs let investors behind the curtains of the company. That provides possible security risks as a token issuer never knows if an investor is going to misuse the company’s data. In the cryptocurrency market and ICOs, cases of artificial price markups are widespread. ico vs sto In some cases, traders may collude to buy a particular cryptocurrency and then launch a coordinated (e.g., via Telegram chats) advertising campaign designed to promote their chosen coin. Some early investors in ICOs do the same – this allows them to raise the price of a token and then “dump” it on the secondary market.

Best ICO Websites List: Top 10 ICO Review Sites 2022 Compared

In an IEO, the coins are exchanged directly for ETH in the IEO platform. Launch a pre-ICO, a presale of tokens you are about to issue before the actual ICO takes place. The tokens at a presale are usually sold cheaper than at the ICO itself and in lesser amounts. However, be careful, people tend to ditch the tokens bought at the pre-ICO at exchange markets as soon as possible. These success fees can top $1 million but have been acceptable to blockchain projects because so far the success rate for IEOs has been an unbelievable 100%. They then respond to the application and if accepted will inform the project the price the token can be listed at and the success fee charged by the exchange.

ico vs sto

Hackers can attack through vulnerabilities in a smart contract. The very nature of smart contracts requires a company to close all vulnerabilities before launching a token sale, or else it will be too late. Hackers also can attack through vulnerabilities in applications – in addition to smart contracts, any ICO uses a lot of other programs and applications in one way or another. For example, an insufficiently secured website through which investors buy tokens can lead to terrible consequences, even if the code of the smart contract itself has been seriously audited.

This new form of equity became extremely successful — in fact, it has raised over $18 million. Making it the first global success case of this new form of investment. ICO is a way to raise funds based on the crowdfunding model, this method is not regulated by laws or banks. Even though ICOs are still relatively new, this fundraising method has become the main way for startups to get investment. ICOs were created as an alternative to the IPO, which gave blockchain companies a way to raise capital for their projects without giving up any of the equity in the company.

In order to launch an STO, you’ll most likely need a founding team. The companies developing trackers collect information about ICOs so that investors don’t have to dig for it themselves. Small rewards to the most active users will help you keep them interested and have yourself promoted. You can offer them some tokens, or the services you are going to provide for free. If possible, find people who have already worked with blockchain and ICOs.

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As such, it may be hard to find projects to invest in or attract investors for companies looking to use an STO. This lack of regulation also poses a risk to investors, as they can lose their funds. In the case of the Squid Game Token, millions of dollars were lost and have not been recovered.

ico vs sto

Once tokens are created, the company will have to promote the offering to their target market to gain interest. Security token offerings distribute securities or tokens that are fungible, negotiable financial instruments with attached monetary value. Security tokens are not traded on regular token exchanges and do trade on specialized exchanges. Various projects have their complexities which typically impact the overall cost of delivery. The inherent risks in STOs are typically low as the regulatory oversight just like traditional securities offers adequate investor protections.

Top 10 Important Cryptocurrencies Other Than Bitcoin

It is backed by law or the relevant securities provisions in the region where the startup is based. Due to this regulatory backing, investors get a level of protection for their investments. STOs on the other hand are fundraising methods that represent the tokenization of a company’s stock. Participating in an STO round may imply taking ownership of the company’s assets or other notable securities, for which a profit or dividend is paid out to the investors. The scope of the ICO and STO can be redefined by the issuing firm, albeit for the latter, all propositions must be backed by law.

ICOs might have dominated the crowdfunding market in 2017 but this year, the concept of STOs is expected to take off in a huge way by providing investors with safe investment opportunities. Many believe that it might finally be the highly sought-after solution for crowdfunding through the cryptocurrency market. From there a company will have to decide who they want to target as investors.

The White Paper indicates the technical aspects of the project and the possible material benefits that it can provide to investors. If a potential investor believes that the business idea presented there is attractive, they invest money in it. Polymath is currently working on a decentralized protocol that will help companies to come up with their own securities tokens.

IPO vs ICO vs STO: What Are They And How Do They Differ From Eachother

Starting IEO on exchange platforms is more profitable compared to launching ICO. The company pays listing fees and a percentage of the sale of its tokens. Besides, issuers of tokens can take advantage of a stable client base of the exchange, to obtain a more significant contribution to their projects.

ICO vs. STOs: How Security Tokens are Traded

Startups that need funding for their ideas resort to ICO, IEO, and STO. The funding methods are open to all who convey their ideas in the White Paper and earn the favor of potential investors. IPOing–while above board–is an extremely costly process, making it more aspirational than feasible for many companies that are just starting out. Investors can opt for an ICO when they have a high-risk tolerance. The investment in an ICO is best described as a high-risk, high-reward venture and there is no security for funds. If you are looking for a list of potential investments, then check out our review of the best ICO websites.


STOs are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and they take advantage of securities exemption such as Reg A+. For example, tokens issued in STOs give investors some rights to the firm or organization issuing them. ICO is usually used to launch a new service or product in the crypto market like a new cryptocurrency token or an app. It is in fact very similar to IPO which is used by a new company to raise funds when it ventures into the stock market for the first time. The ICO, STO, and IEO (IDO-also known as initial dex offering) are some of the most familiar terms that we use in the crypto world and all of them are related to fundraising in the Blockchain platform. ICO, STO, and IEO are different methods to raise funds through cryptocurrency exchange and they all have their fair share of pros and cons.

ICO vs STO — What Is The Difference?

STOs enable 24/7 trading that wouldn’t be possible in traditional markets. As traditional trade markets rely on human maintenance, they are normally open only during work hours . Blockchain and crypto markets, on the contrary, are open 24/7 — which results in better liquidity and increases the overall trading volume. In some states, the regulation of the ICO and cryptocurrency market has appeared. But so far it is still possible to conduct an ICO without unnecessary red tape with documents, certificates, etc. Smaller investor pool — that’s one of the STO’s fewer downsides for companies.